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Thursday, October 29, 2009
Tuesday, October 27, 2009
It is urgent that you call both your Senators and your Congressperson today and tell them to vote against this outrageous bill. You can read the bill here. It ignores the conclusions of the Goldstone Report and simply parrots Israeli government denial."Click here to learn more and take action.
[US Campaign National Organizer] Katherine Fuchs has traveled around the nation in the months since the delegation, organizing and presenting on issues featured on the trip. She organized and presented at the National Conference of the US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation and has played a leading role in student divestment conferences on several campuses.
Katherine's media work has also stretched across the country. Her interview "Katherine Fuchs - Ending Israeli Occupation" was published by WireTap Magazine and she was featured on KWMR Radio in Marin County, California.
In Lee's Summit, Missouri, Cindy Howard wasted little time in reaching out to her local media and her church community. In addition to this appearance on Bill Tammeus' Faith Matters blog, Cindy was interviewed for a feature article in the Lee's Summit Journal entitled "A Life Changing Experience - Local Priest Travels to Israel, Palestine".
More important than the articles, are the relationships Cindy has begun to craft with the Editors of the Lee's Summit Journal and the Kansas City Star Tribune. Her work with the editors positions her as a resource on the Middle East and faith issues.
Cindy has also presented seven different times in the Kansas City area since August and has taken on an important role as Missioner with the American Friends of the Diocese of Jerusalem (Episcopal).
Out in Portland, Oregon, Jeff Kipelman went straight to the airwaves and recorded an interview on KBOO Radio's "Positively Revolting Radio" with Ani Haines. Jeff is also working on a news feature to run on KBOO. Jeff also printed a hard-hitting Letter to the Editor, "End Apartheid in Israel", at Oregon Live, the online outlet of The Oregonian newspaper.
Jen Lauda has done impressive outreach in Washington DC and Northern Virginia, where the Alexandria Times published an article on her delegation entitled "A Towering Conflict Seen from the Ground". Jen was also featured in this article in the online newsletter of the American University School of International Service as well as this article in the alumni magazine of her alma-mater, the University of Central Florida. In addition, Jen was interviewed on WPFW Radio News on August 20, 2009.
Kristen Loken, has found an audience with her local West Virginia media. The Martinsburg Journal profiled her trip in an article entitled "Local woman tours Israel and Palestine" which was also republished on the website of the Buddhist Peace Fellowship. Kris has also begun to make a series of public presentations, her first of which was in Potomac, Maryland where she was hosted by the Democratic Women's Club.
In Cincinnati, Nancy Paraskevopoulos has made a big splash through a weekly column she writes for the University of Cincinnati News Record. Her columns: "Expansion Abroad Similar to 3CDC3"; "Israeli settlements disrupt Hebron"; and "Action warrants Nobel Peace Prize"; have stimulated a local debate on the issue which has resonated outside of the local community and which Nancy has followed closely on her blog.
Nancy has also used her experience to strengthen her campus organizing through the Campus Action Network and other groups. Check the News Record website for more of her weekly columns.
In Washington, DC, Emily and Laurie Siegel's trip was featured in The Voice of the Hill newspaper. Emily was also profiled for this article on the website of the American University School of International Service. Emily and fellow delegate Jenn Lauda were interviewed for a second article also posted online at the American University School of International Service website. Emily is currently working as an organizer for the Gaza Freedom March, which is endorsed by the US Campaign.
Jerry Stinson, has presented several times on panels and in his Sunday sermons in Long Beach, California. His talks have reached hundreds in his community.
Many other delegates have invested similar efforts in media, speaking and organizing initiatives in their communities. Interfaith Peace-Builders is proud of the incredible efforts of our delegation participants and is honored to have played a role in their activism.
Monday, October 26, 2009
Retired CIA Analysts Bill and Kathleen Christison talk BDS, Military Aid with Jeff Gore on Counterpunch
"Does it harm innocent Israelis to cut off or cut back U.S. aid to Israel—which would be the ultimate sanction? Under a long-term ten-year agreement, the U.S. gives, not lends, Israel $3 billion of military aid every year—in cash, at the beginning of each fiscal year—plus additional increments of economic aid and loan guarantees on a year-by-year basis. Aid of this magnitude and given under these terms obviously greatly helps the Israeli economy. It also gives Israel virtually total impunity to commit whatever atrocities it wants against the Palestinians without fear that the U.S. will cut it off. So if we’re worried about harming individual Israelis, we have to worry about the guy in an electronics shop who is harmed economically because he no longer gets the subcontract for some airplane or tank part, but we also have to worry about the innocent Palestinians—the literally millions of innocent Palestinians—in Gaza particularly, but elsewhere as well, who are being killed by those airplanes and tanks and other military equipment that Israel uses with the impunity granted it by the U.S. If blind justice weighs these two groups of innocents and the harm done to them on her scales, we believe she would conclude that the “innocent” Israeli is after all not so innocent. Although it may be clearer how the scales should balance when we’re talking about military aid, the same factors must be weighed when we deal with boycotts of non-military products and academic and cultural boycotts, and we think the same conclusions must be reached: ending Palestinian suffering at Israel’s hands is a more worthy, more just objective than saving the economic hide or the jobs of any Israelis....We Americans are just as responsible for the killing and atrocities visited by U.S. forces on Iraqi and Afghan civilians and in past eras on civilians in places like Vietnam, and we would not claim that sanctions against the U.S. were unfair, even if these caused us to suffer personally. Perhaps this should be the criterion: that innocence lies in greater measure with the people being oppressed and bombed and occupied, and we must be more concerned with ending harm to them than with causing incidental harm to individuals in the oppressor-occupier nation."You can read the full article here. Agree with the Christisons? Join the largest coalition of organizations and individuals working to end U.S. military aid to Israel and promoting boycott and divestment against companies profiting from Israeli occupation and apartheid. Get involved with the US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation today!
Friday, October 23, 2009
It's hard out here for a war criminal: Ehud Olmert's speaking tour met with protest, citizen's arrest attempts
Twenty-two people were arrested for challenging Olmert directly and demanding he be tried for war crimes and crimes against humanity in the Gaza Strip and Lebanon. Olmert has faced protests at Tulane University, University of Kentucky and the University of Chicago. The recent International Independent Fact-Finding Mission, headed by Judge Richard Goldstone, found evidence that Israel had committed war crimes and crimes against humanity during a three-week long attack on the Gaza Strip last winter, killing more than 1,400 Palestinians, mostly civilians, and destroying much of the area's infrastructure. In 2006, similar Israeli attacks on Lebanon killed 1,200 people. Olmert has refused to be held accountable.The organizers of the San Francisco protests include US Campaign member organizations and supporters. Check out this video of the action: As the U.S. and Israeli governments continue to oppose the Goldstone Report, the need for civil society to hold those responsible for attacks on Palestinian civilians is becoming increasingly evident. Get involved in the citizen's movement for accountability by participating in our November Weeks of Action and by joining the movement for boycott, divestment, and sanctions. U.S. policy toward Israel/Palestine creates incentives for the continuation of occupation and apartheid. We need to create incentives to end occupation and apartheid. It's up to us to make sure that it's hard out here for a war criminal. Update: Chicago Olmert protesters comment on their decision to participate here.
Thursday, October 22, 2009
Who You Callin' Biased? Richard Goldstone asks Obama Administration to specify flaws in Report as U.S. military aid to Israel continues to flow
"Twenty-nine members of the family, all of them civilians, were killed in the Israel Defense Force's winter assault - 21 during the shelling of a house where IDF soldiers had gathered some 100 members of the family a day earlier....Salah Samouni...feels that Goldstone, in his report, lent the victims a voice."Al Jazeera also covered the story of the Samouni family: $30 billion in military aid to Israel over 10 years isn't just a number. U.S. military aid to Israel means tragedy for Palestinians like the Samouni family. Sign up today to organize in your Congressional district against U.S. military aid by clicking here.
Tuesday, October 20, 2009
"Virtually all of Israel is now speaking in one voice against the Goldstone report, against any attempt to blame us over the war in Gaza. We've honed our message to a sharp point and, inspired by Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu's performance at the UN, we're delivering it with just the right tone of outrage: How dare anyone deny us the right to self-defense! How dare anyone deny us the right to fight back against terrorism....Here is our idea of the "laws of war": When Israeli bulldozers rolled across the border into Gazan villages and flattened house after house so Hamas wouldn't have them for cover after the IDF pulled out, that was self-defense. But if a Palestinian boy who'd lived in one of those houses threw a stone at one of the bulldozers, that was terrorism....The Goldstones of the world call this hypocrisy, a double standard. How dare they! Around here, we call it moral clarity."Click here to read the full article. In other Gaza accountability news, students at the University of Chicago protested a speech by former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert. Several students disrupted the speech itself, with one student shouting out "war crimes are not free expression" and another presenting a list of names of those killed during Israel's December-January attacks on the Gaza Strip. The protest was covered by many Israeli media outlets, including Ha'aretz. Click here to read the full report from the Electronic Intifada, and watch video of the protest below: Unfortunately, U.S. policy continues to support Israeli occupation and apartheid. Help us raise voices against U.S. complicity in war crimes committed against Palestinians in Gaza, East Jerusalem, and the West Bank. Click here to sign up as a local organizer in your community to oppose U.S. military aid to Israel or carry out boycott and divestment campaigns against Israeli occupation and apartheid. Click here to help sustain the work of the US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation.
Monday, October 19, 2009
"The Goldstone Report has rightly focused international attention on the crimes committed during Israel’s offensive against Gaza in December-January this year. Even if the United States quashes it at the United Nations Security Council -- where it is likely to go now that the Human Rights Council has adopted it -- the report will make human rights violators think twice. But it doesn’t end the Israeli siege of Gaza....This has left it to people from around the world to try to break the siege themselves."Hijab highlights the efforts of the Free Gaza Movement, the Viva Palestina convoys, and the US Campaign endorsed Gaza Freedom March. Here's Hijab commenting on the march:
Click here to read the full article. To find out more about the Gaza Freedom March, click here. And keep an eye on this space and our website for opportunities to shame our leaders into ending the U.S. policy that keeps Israel's siege of Gaza in place.
"The Gaza Freedom March involves hundreds of international activists who plan to cross the border at Rafah and to march alongside the Gaza Palestinians on December 31st, aiming to reach the border with Israel. Enthusiasm for the march in Gaza is understandably high, given the Strip’s isolation, with thousands reportedly planning to march with the internationals. Among other things, youth groups from around Gaza are planning dance, theatre and music shows to welcome the visitors. University student unions hope to strike for the day to bring out the numbers, and women’s groups are also aiming to mobilize their members. All of these international volunteers have been speaking out when they get back home and pushing for change in their own government’s policies that allow Israel to keep its siege in place. Perhaps their sustained efforts will finally shame their leaders into action to end the persecution of the Palestinians."
"There is a clear double-standard, once again, in the US position between Ambassador Susan Rice's recognition of the primacy of accountability for war crimes in the case of Darfur and Sudan, regardless of any potential impact on future peace talks, while rejecting accountability in the case of Israeli actions in Gaza....If Washington remains unwilling to hold Israel accountable for its violations, the potential for a new US position in the world -- one in which the United States is respected instead of resented, welcomed as a partner instead of feared -- will be impossible."Click here to read the full report.
Friday, October 16, 2009
"25 of the body's members voted in favor of the resolution that chastised Israel for failing to cooperate with the UN mission led by South African jurist Richard Goldstone. Another 6 voted against and 11 abstained. The resolution agreed in Geneva simply calls for the U.N. General Assembly to consider the Goldstone report and for U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to report back to the Human Rights Council on Israel's adherence to it. The report calls for the UN Security Council to refer the matter to the International Criminal Court if the Israelis or Palestinians fail to investigate the alleged abuses themselves. The countries that voted against the report included the U.S., Italy, Holland, Hungary, Slovakia and the Ukraine"Click here to read the full article. It's not a big surprise that the United States voted against the Goldstone Report, but what does that mean for the movement to challenge U.S. policy toward Israel/Palestine? Keep an eye on this space and our website for an action alert and resources for two weeks of action in November. The first week of November we will be calling for action in coordination with the Gaza Freedom March. The second week of November is the international Week of Action Against the Apartheid Wall, coordinated by our allies at Stop the Wall. We'll be keeping an eye on the Goldstone Report and incorporating its progress into our ongoing actions. In the meantime, if you haven't already, sign up to be a local organizer, sign the Motorola boycott pledge, and donate to support the work of the US Campaign and to replant olive trees in Palestine that have been destroyed by the Israeli military and settlers.
Thursday, October 15, 2009
"Pro-Palestinian activists are planning a three-day conference next week at the University of Pittsburgh to campaign for boycotts, divestment and sanctions against Israel. And while some Jewish leaders say the conference may not be as successful as its organizers hope, it is raising questions about how seriously the Jewish community should take the national Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) campaign against Israel, and whether the local community is prepared to deal with this and future efforts in Pittsburgh."Particularly worrisome to Chottiner is the fact that a "growing number of Jews have apparently gravitated to the movement, saying divestment or boycotts are not anti-Semitic gestures, but a legitimate way to affect change." As an example of growing Jewish support for BDS, Chottiner quotes Rebecca Vilkomerson, National Director of US Campaign member group Jewish Voice for Peace:
"We have not endorsed the full Palestinian call for boycott....What we do say very strongly is the tactic of boycott is a noble and historic tactic of people’s movements to have a grassroots method of change."Click here to read the full article. Meanwhile, US Campaign Steering Committee member Adam Horowitz and journalist Philip Weiss have published an article in The Nation chronicling the changes in perceptions of Israel among Jewish Americans after the December-January assaults on Gaza. Horowitz and Weiss see signs of growing support for the BDS movement among Jewish Americans and on college campuses:
"Even devoted friends of Israel Leon Wieseltier and Michael Walzer expressed misgivings about the disproportionate use of force, and if Reform Jewish leaders could not bring themselves to criticize the war, the US left was energized by the horror. Medea Benjamin, a co-founder of Code Pink, threw herself into the cause of Gazan freedom after years of ignoring Israel-Palestine, in part out of deference to her family's feelings. In The Nation Naomi Klein came out for boycott, divestment and sanctions; later, visiting Ramallah, she apologized to the Palestinians for her "cowardice" in not coming to that position earlier....Last winter a battle over divestment from the Israeli occupation rocked Hampshire College, and many students spearheading the movement were Jewish. "Click here to read the full article. Find out more about the US Campaign's Fall Campus BDS Tour by clicking here.
Tuesday, October 13, 2009
|New CDC Map Check out our new and improved CDC network map by clicking here. Using Google Earth technology, we've created an interactive map of the United States divided by Congressional district. For each Congressional district, you can click on a pushpin to pull up contact information for your Representative in Congress, links to their voting record on Palestine/Israel issues on the US Campaign's Congressional Report Cards, and information on who is organizing in that Congressional district. You can view the map by clicking here.|
Please note that this map is a beta version. We're still working out the kinks, so if you spot an error or broken link, then please notify us by clicking here and we'll fix it as soon as we can. Don't forget that you can sign up to become a CDC by clicking here. First Task for CDC's: Lobby to End Israel's Blockade of GazaWe've got plans to put our re-launched CDC network into action right away. As we near the one year mark of Israel's brutal assault on the occupied Gaza Strip, Palestinians still lack the basic necessities of life as a result of Israel's illegal blockade. We'll be calling on our CDC's to organize constituent meetings this fall with their Members of Congress to end U.S. support for Israel's blockade of Gaza. If you'd like to get involved with this and other grassroots efforts to change U.S. policy toward Palestine/Israel to support human rights, international law, and equality, then sign up today to become a CDC with the US Campaign by clicking here. And don't forget to check out our new CDC map by clicking here.
Thursday, October 8, 2009
Democracy Now with Rashid Khalidi: Palestinian President Abbas Faces Uproar for Aiding US-Israeli Derailment of UN Report on Gaza Assault
Wednesday, October 7, 2009
Tuesday, October 6, 2009
Monday, October 5, 2009
Kenya: "And I have urged that the Kenyan government try to find the way forward to handle this themselves, but if that is not possible, and people think it is not, then the names that have been turned over to the International Court of Criminal Justice will be opened, and an investigation will begin, and Kenya will not be making these very tough decisions for itself, which is a kind of rite of passage for democracies, dealing with people and making sure impunity is not permitted." - Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, August 6, 2009.
Darfur: "The United States supports the International Criminal Court's (ICC) actions to hold accountable those responsible for the heinous crimes in Darfur. We remain determined in our pursuit of both peace and justice in Sudan. The people of Sudan have suffered too much for too long, and an end to their anguish will not come easily. Those who committed atrocities in Sudan, including genocide, should be brought to justice. UN Security Council Resolution 1593, which referred the crimes in Darfur to the ICC, requires the Government of Sudan and all other parties to the conflict to cooperate fully with the ICC and its prosecutor and urges all states and concerned regional organizations to cooperate fully." - UN Ambassador Susan Rice, March 4, 2009.
Democratic Republic of Congo: "I came to Goma to send a clear message: The United States condemns these attacks and all those who commit them and abet them. They are crimes against humanity. ... While I was in the DRC, I had very frank discussions about sexual violence with President Kabila. I stressed that the perpetrators of these crimes, no matter who they are, must be prosecuted and punished. This is particularly important when they are in positions of authority, including members of the Congolese military, who have been allowed to commit these crimes with impunity." - Clinton, August 21, 2009.
Worldwide: “[W]e call on all parties and all governments to live up to their commitments under international humanitarian law, abide by all Security Council resolutions, and cooperate with international investigations to end impunity for war crimes and crimes against humanity.” – Rice, January 29, 2009.
But not in Gaza. “[I]n this, as in many other respects, the US focus, and I think constructively the focus of many other countries, is to try to look not to the past but to the future. The best way to end suffering and abuses is for there to be a long term solution and peace based on two states living side by side in peace and security.” – Rice, September 22, 2009.
The US insists that Israel can investigate itself… “The United States understands that Israel is a vibrant and strong democracy and it has more than sufficient capacity to conduct a credible internal investigation and we’ve encouraged it to do so.” – Rice, September 22, 2009.
“We are confident that Israel, as a democracy with a well-established commitment to rule of law, has the institutions and ability to carry out robust investigations into these allegations. We note that Israel has stated publicly it has already investigated at least 100 complaints related to the Gaza conflict, including about some incidents mentioned in the report, and is currently pursuing action in 23 individual cases. The findings from each of its investigations [are] subject to multiple independent layers of review. We encourage Israel to utilize appropriate domestic review procedures and meaningful accountability mechanisms to investigate and address all credible allegations of misconduct or violations of international law.” – US Assistant Secretary of State Michael Posner, September 29, 2009.
Even though Israel has never really tried. While Israel is capable of carrying out the impartial investigations called for in the Goldstone report, the record on the recent Gaza conflict and over the past decade indicates a consistent lack of political will to hold its forces accountable for serious violations of international human rights and humanitarian law.
While Israeli authorities say that they have initiated roughly 100 investigations into Operation Cast Lead, the majority (about 60) are in fact only operational debriefings “held by the army, in the army” under the Military Justice Law. These debriefings are typically conducted within the chain of command by officers from the same unit as the soldiers whose actions are being evaluated. No witnesses outside the military are interviewed, and there is no mechanism to verify the soldiers’ accounts. The operational debriefing requirement delays a proper impartial criminal investigation, and can actually undermine such an investigation because the information provided cannot be released or used as evidence in a court of law. Operational debriefings do not investigate the orders given to the unit; the point of the debriefing is to determine how those orders were carried out. The lawfulness or unlawfulness of the orders given to the unit is beyond its scope.
Five unique “field investigations” (covering some 20 cases) were conducted by Israeli colonels outside the chain of command, but the relatively low rank of the officers responsible for these investigations calls into question their independence, as do their uniform conclusions that the operations of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) in Gaza were lawful. In the remaining 23 cases, criminal investigations have been opened.
Despite all three levels of investigations, Israel is known to have interviewed only two Palestinian witnesses to any of the alleged crimes in Gaza, and convicted only one soldier, sentencing him to seven months in prison for the theft of a credit card.
Prior practice also raises substantial doubt as to whether any of these investigations will result in indictments or prosecution. From 2000 to 2008, according to Yesh Din (an Israeli human rights organization), Israeli soldiers in the Occupied Palestinian Territories killed more than 2,000 Palestinian civilians not involved in combat. Of 1,246 criminal investigations initiated during the same period into suspected offenses of all kinds by soldiers against Palestinian civilians, only 6 percent (78 cases) resulted in indictments. Only 13 of those indictments charged soldiers with killing civilians. As of September 2008, five soldiers had been convicted for the deaths of four civilians.
Most of these criminal investigations have been badly flawed for reasons that are deeply ingrained within Israel’s military justice system. Investigations are often initiated many months (at times more than a year) from the time of the incident, making it difficult to find evidence or identify witnesses and victims. The unit responsible for investigations has very few of the Arabic speakers needed to take testimonies from witnesses. In 2002, the Knesset passed a law denying Palestinians the possibility of obtaining compensation in most cases in which they have suffered injury as a result of illegal acts by Israeli security forces.
The US claims Goldstone’s report shows a lack of “balance”… “[T]he weight of the report is something like 85 percent oriented towards very specific and harsh condemnation and conclusions related to Israel and very sort of lightly treats without great specificity Hamas’ terrorism and its own atrocities. So in that respect it remains unbalanced, although obviously less so than it might have been and so that is still a source of significant concern.” – Rice, September 22, 2009.
“The report further calls on Israel to undertake a moratorium on the use of certain munitions; it makes no such demand of Hamas with regard to its use of indiscriminate rockets. These unbalanced recommendations taint many of the report’s suggestions for international action.” – Posner, September 29, 2009.
Even though the report’s conclusions are hard-hitting on both sides: The section of the report dealing with violations by Israeli forces during the Gaza war is significantly longer than the report’s sections addressing abuses by Hamas and the Palestinian Authority. But the fact that the Goldstone report addresses Hamas’s one-dimensional assault on Israel through use of rockets in fewer pages than it took to discuss Israel’s multifaceted 22-day military operation is hardly surprising. And the conclusions Goldstone reaches regarding Hamas are as hard-hitting as those addressed to Israel:
“[T]hese attacks constitute indiscriminate attacks upon the civilian population of southern Israel and that where there is no intended military target and the rockets and mortars are launched into a civilian population, they constitute a deliberate attack against a civilian population. These acts would constitute war crimes and may amount to crimes against humanity. Given the seeming inability of the Palestinian armed groups to direct the rockets and mortars towards specific targets and given the fact that the attacks have caused very little damage to Israeli military assets, the Mission finds that there is significant evidence to suggest that one of the primary purposes of the rocket and mortar attacks is to spread terror amongst the Israeli civilian population, a violation of international law.”
Attacking the report as unbalanced because of its language on weapons moratoriums turns Goldstone’s conclusions on their head. The moratorium language regarding Israel’s use of certain weapons (white phosphorus, flechettes, and heavy metals such as tungsten) reflects that Goldstone recognizes, as the US stresses, that Israel is a state with the right to self-defense, and that military action may be undertaken to defend itself. In contrast, it labels Hamas’s use of rockets and mortars a war crime (and possibly a crime against humanity), a clear finding of wrongdoing much stronger than simply calling for a moratorium on their use.
The US claims Goldstone’s mandate was biased… “But the fundamental problem with this particular report is it was hatched with a bias inherent in its mandate. It is as a consequence a product that largely reflects that imbalance in its mandate, notwithstanding the effort to look at the other side to some extent, albeit a lesser extent.” – Rice, September 22, 2009.
Even though the mandate covered both sides. While the original mandate for the mission focused only on Israel, that one-sided approach was corrected by the Human Rights Council president, Nigerian Ambassador Martin Uhomoibhi, who broadened the inquiry to look at all violations in the Gaza conflict committed by any of the parties. It was only after this change was made that Goldstone accepted the role as head of the mission, which indicates his insistence on a fair and unbiased approach.
The US implemented strategies emphasizing civilian protection in Iraq and Afghanistan… “Civilian casualties (CIVCAS) and damage to public and private property (collateral damage), no matter how they are caused, undermine support for [US and coalition forces] and the international community in the eyes of the Afghan population. Although the majority of CIVCAS incidents are caused by insurgents, the Afghan people hold [US and coalition forces] to a higher standard. Strict comparisons of amount of damage caused by either side are unhelpful. To protect the population from harm, [US and coalition forces] must take every practical precaution to avoid CIVCAS and collateral damage.” – Gen. Stanley McChrystal’s report on the war in Afghanistan, September 2009.
“Civilian casualties in Afghanistan are “one of our greatest strategic vulnerabilities. … Every civilian casualty, however caused, is a defeat for us and a setback for the Afghan government.” – Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, June 12, 2009.But fails to hold Israel to the same standards. “National militaries engaged in asymmetrical warfare must remain bound by humanitarian law, but it is a stark and tragic reality that terrorists systematically ignore these laws. Actions by terrorist groups that have the effect of employing civilians as human shields put enormous pressures on militaries that are trying to protect civilians and their own soldiers, an issue faced by many militaries today. Although the Goldstone report deals briefly with these issues, its findings of fact and law are tentative and equivocating.” – Posner, September 29, 2009.